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Assessment of Executive Functioning (BDEFS-CA)

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From Barkley Deficits in Executive Functioning Scale – Children and Adolescents (BDEFS-CA) by Russell A. Barkley.

Section One

EF1. Procrastinates or puts off doing things until the last minute
EF2. Has a poor sense of time
EF3. Wastes or doesn’t manage his/her time well
EF4. Not prepared/on time for schoolwork or assigned tasks given at home
EF5. Has trouble planning ahead or preparing for upcoming events
EF6. Can’t seem to accomplish the goals he/she sets for him/herself
EF7. Not able to get things done unless there is an immediate deadline or consequence(s)
EF8. Has difficulty judging how much time it will take to do something or get somewhere
EF9. Has trouble starting the work he/she is asked to do
EF10. Has difficulty sticking with his/her work and getting it done
EF11. Not able to prepare in advance for things he/she knows he/she is supposed to do
EF12. Has trouble following through on what he/she agrees to do
EF13. Has difficulty doing the work he/she is asked to do in the order of its priority or importance; can’t “prioritize” well

Section Two

EF14. When shown something complicated to do, he/she cannot keep it in mind so as to do it correctly
EF15. Has trouble considering various ways of doing things
EF16. Has difficulty saying what he/she wants to say
EF17. Unable to come up with or invent as many solutions to problems as others
EF18. At a loss for words when he/she wants to explain something
EF19. Has trouble explaining his/her ideas as well or as quickly as others
EF20. Not as creative or inventive as others of his/her age
EF21. Has trouble learning new or complex activities
EF22. Has difficulty explaining things in their proper order or sequence
EF23. Can’t seem to get to the point of his/her explanations
EF24. Has trouble doing things in his/her proper order or sequence
EF25. Unable to “think on his/her feet,” problem-solve, or respond effectively to unexpected events
EF26. Slow at solving problems he/she encounters in his/her daily life
EF27. Doesn’t seem to process information quickly or accurately

Section Three

EF28. Has difficulty waiting for things; has to have things or do things he/she wants right away
EF29. Makes decisions impulsively
EF30. Unable to inhibit his/her reactions to events or to what others say or do to him/her; reacts on impulse
EF31. Has difficulty stopping what he/she is doing when it is time to do so
EF32. Has difficulty correcting his/her behavior when he/she is given feedback about his/her mistakes
EF33. Makes impulsive comments
EF34. Likely to do things without considering the consequences for doing them
EF35. Acts without thinking things over
EF36. Finds it hard to take another person’s perspective about a problem or situation
EF37. Doesn’t stop and talk things over with him/herself before deciding to do something
EF38. Has trouble following the rules in a situation
EF39. Engages in risky behavior or risk taking
EF40. Has trouble with self-discipline (self-control)

Section Four

EF41. Takes short cuts in his/her chores, schoolwork, or other assignments and does not do all that he/she is supposed to do
EF42. Quits working if his/her chores, schoolwork, or other assignments are boring for him/her to do
EF43. Does not put much effort into his/her chores, schoolwork or other assignments
EF44. Seems lazy or unmotivated
EF45. Has to depend on other people to help get his/her chores, schoolwork or other assignments done
EF46. Things must have an immediate pay off for him/her or he/she is not able to get them done
EF47. Has difficulty resisting the urge to do something fun or more interesting when he/she is supposed to be working
EF48. Inconsistent in the quality or quantity of his/her work performance
EF49. Unable to work without supervision or frequent instruction
EF50. Lacks willpower or self-determination
EF51. Not able to work toward longer-term or delayed rewards
EF52. Not able to resist doing things that produce immediate rewards even if they are not good for him/her in the long run
EF53. Gives up too easily if something requires much effort
EF54. Not able to get started in his/her chores, school projects or work without a lot of prodding or encouragement from others

Section Five

EF55. Has a low tolerance for frustrating situations
EF56. Cannot inhibit his/her emotions
EF57. Quick to get angry or become upset
EF58. Overreact emotionally
EF59. Easily excitable
EF60. Not able to inhibit showing strong negative or positive emotions
EF61. Has trouble calming him/herself down once he/she is emotionally upset
EF62. Not able to be reasonable once he/she is emotional
EF63. Cannot seem to distract him/herself away from whatever is upsetting him/her emotionally to help calm down. Can’t refocus his/her mind to a more positive framework
EF64. Not able to manage his/her emotions in order to accomplish his/her goals successfully or get along well with others
EF65. Remains emotional or upset longer than other children
EF66. Finds it difficult to walk away from emotionally upsetting encounters with others or leave situations in which he/she has become emotional
EF67. Not able to rechannel or redirect his/her emotions into more positive ways or outlets when he/she gets upset
EF68. Not able to evaluate an emotionally upsetting even more objectively or reasonably
EF69. Not able to reevaluate or redefine negative events into a more positive viewpoint when he/she feels strong emotions
EF70. Emotionally impulsive or quick to show or express his/her feelings